Conducting Books, Mediated Materials, and Sources Related to Gesture


            (with special attention to the Left Hand)



Adler, Samuel.   Choral Conducting:  An Anthology, 2nd ed.   New York:  Schirmer

            Books, 1985.


Banks, Timothy Paul.    Et la Gauche?:  Toward a Methodology of Left Hand Use in

             Conducting.  Lecture-Demonstration presented at the Alabama Music Educators

            Convention, January 2004.  For abstract, outline, and resources, see

            http://faculty.samford.edu/~tpbanks .


Busch, Brian R.   The Complete Choral Conductor:  Gesture and Method.  New York: 

            Schirmer Books, 1984.


Braithwaite, Warwick.   “Use of Left Hand and Arm,” in The Conductor’s Art.   London:

            Williams and Norgate, 1952.


Collins, Don L.  Teaching Choral Music.   Englewood Cliffs:  Prentice-Hall, 1993.


Davidson, Archibald T.   Choral Conducting.   Cambridge:  Harvard Univ. Press, 1948.


Decker, Harold and Colleen Kirk.   Choral Conducting:  Focus on Communication.

            Prospect Heights:  Waveland Press, 1995  (Reissue of original version,

            Englewood Cliffs:  Prentice-Hall, 1988).


Ehmann, Wilhelm, trans. George Wiebe.    “Conducting Patterns and Choral Gestures”

            in Choral Directing.  Minneapolis:  Augsburg, 1968.


Farberman, Harold.  The Art of Conducting Technique:  A New Perspective.   [U.S.]: 

            Belwin-Mills/Warner Bros., 1997.    Also Video supplement to the text (same



Finn, William J.   “Baton Technique,” in The Art of the Choral Conductor.  Boston: 

            Birchard, 1939.


Fuchs, Peter Paul.  The Psychology of Conducting.  New York:  MCA Music, 1969.


Galknin, Elliott W.  A History of Orchestral Conducting in Theory and Practice.  

            Stuyvesant, NY:  Pendragon Press, 1986.


Garretson, Robert L.   “Conducting Techniques,  in Conducting Choral Music, 6th ed. 

            Englewood Cliffs:  Prentice-Hall, 1988.


Gehrkens, Karl W.   Essentials in Conducting.   New York:  Oliver Ditson, 1919.


Gordon, Lewis.   Estabishing Rudiments of Conducting,” and “Developing Expressive

            Conducting Techniques,” in Choral Director’s Rehearsal and Performance Guide. 

            West Nyack, NY:  Parker Publishing, 1989.


Green, Elizabeth A. H.  The Modern Conductor, 6th ed.  Upper Saddle River:  Prentice-

            Hall, 1997.


_____________ and Russell Reed.  Malko Conducting Exercises (videotape

            accompanying The Modern Conductor 5th ed.).  Englewood Cliffs:  Prentice-Hall,



_____________.  Sight  (The Eyes),” in The Dynamic Orchestra.  Englewood Cliffs: 

            Prentice-Hall, 1987.


_____________.   “On Teaching Conducting,” in The Conductor’s Score  (rev. ed. of

            The Conductor and His Score).  Englewood Cliffs:  Prentice-Hall, 1985.


Grosbayne, Benjamin.   Techniques of Modern Orchestral Conducting, 2nd ed.  

            Cambridge:  Harvard Univ. Press, 1973.


Hunsberger, Donald and Roy Ernst.  The Art of Conducting.  New York:  Knopf, 1883.


Hylton, John B.   “Developing Conducting Skill,  in Comprehensive Choral Music

            Education.   Upper Saddle River:  Prentice-Hall, 1995.


Kahn, Emil.   Elements of Conducting, 2nd ed.   New York:  Schirmer Books, 1975.


Kelso, J. A. Scott, Dan L. Southard, and David Goodman.  “On the nature of human

            interlimb coordination,” in Science.   Vol. 203 (1979), pp. 1029-1031.


Kohut, Daniel and Joe Grant.  Learning to Conduct and Rehearse.  Englewood Cliffs: 

            Prentice-Hall, 1990.


Labuta, Joseph.  Basic Conducting Techniques.  Englewood Cliffs:  Prentice-Hall, 1982.


Lamb, Gordon.  “Conducting Techniques,” in Choral Techniques, 2nd ed.  Dubuque: 

            Wm. C. Brown, 1979.


Lawrence, Douglas, and Vernon Sanders.   A Conductor’s Handbook,  Volume 2: 

            A Basic Conductor’s Alphabet.   San Carlos, CA:  Thomas House Publications,



Leinsdorf, Erich.  The Composer’s Advocate.  New Haven:  Yale Univ. Press, 1981.


Marrin, Teresa Anne.   Toward an Understanding of Musical Gesture:  Mapping

            Expressive Intention with the Digital Baton.   M.S. Thesis, Massachusetts

            Institute of Technology, 1996. 

[Abstract at http://web.media.mit.edu/~marrin/HTMLThesis/4.1.1.htm ]

[ See also Teresa Marrin Nakra below.]


Maiello, Anthony.  Conducting:  A Hands-On Approach, 2nd ed.  [U.S.]:  Belwin Mills

            (Warner Bros), 1996.    Also Video presentation of introductory remarks and

            examples (same publisher).


Malko, Nicolai.  The Conductor and His Baton: Fundamentals of the Technic of

            Conducting.  Copenhagen:  Hansen, 1950.


Meek, Charles J.  “The Left Hand,” in Conducting Made Easy:  for Directors of Amateur

            Musical Organizations.  Metuchen:  Scarecrow Press, 1988.


Moses, Don V.,  Robert W. Demaree,  and Allen F. Ohmes.   Face to Face With An

            Orchestra.   Princeton:  Prestige Publications, 1987.


Nakra, Teresa Marrin.   Inside the Conductors Jacket:  Analysis, Interpretation and

            Musical Synthesis of Expressive Gesture.   Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts

            Institute of Technology, 2000.

[Abstract at http://web.media.mit.edu/~marrin/HTMLThesis/Title_abstract_committee.htm ]


Neuen, Donald.   Artistic Musical Conducting, Vols. I and II.  [CD-rom video]   Fayston:

            Choral Excellence Series, c2002.


Oldfield, R. C.   “Handedness in musicians,” in British Journal of Psychology.  1969,

            Vol. 60(1), pp. 91-99.


Phillips, Kenneth H.   Basic Techniques of Conducting.  New York / Oxford:  Oxford

            Univ. Press, 1997.


Pfautsch, Lloyd.  “The Choral Conductor and the Rehearsal.”   In Choral Conducting

            Symposium, 2nd ed., ed. Harold Decker and Julius Herford, 69-111.  Englewood

            Cliffs:  Prentice-Hall, 1988.


Prausnitz, Frederick.  Score and Podium.  New York:  Norton, 1983.


Roe, Paul F.  “Conducting,” in Choral Music Education, 2nd ed.  Englewood Cliffs: 

            Prentice-Hall, 1983.


Rudolf, Max.  The Grammar of Conducting: A Comprehensive Guide to Baton

            Technique and Interpretation, 3rd ed.   [prepared with assistance from Michael

            Stern]   Belmont, CA:  Schirmer / Thomson / Wadworth, 1995.


Sanders, Vernon.  A Conductor’s Handbook,  [Volume 1:]  An Exercise Manual for

            Individual or Ensemble Practice.  [Vol. 1]  San Carlos, CA:  Thomas House

            Publications, 1993.   [See Lawrence above for Vol. 2]


Schuller, Gunther.  The Compleat Conductor.  Oxford/New York:  Oxford Univ. Press,




Shepherd, William.  A Conducting Workbook with CD-ROM Video.  Belmont, CA: 

            Schirmer/Wadsworth/Thomson, 2002.  


Skadsem, Julie Ann.  The Effect of Conductor Verbilization, Dynamic Markings,

            Conductor Gesture, and Choir Dynamic Level on Individual Singers’ Dynamic

            Responses.  PhD. Dissertation, Univ. of Missouri-Kansas City, 1995.


VanWeelden, Kimberly.  “Relationships between perceptions of conducting

            effectiveness and ensemble performance,” in Journal of Research in Music

            Education.  2002 Summer; Vol. 50 (2), pp. 165-176.


Wiens, Paul W.  Expressive Conducting.  Wheaton, IL:  Paul W. Wiens, 2002.

             Also, accompanying CD-roms for interaction with website at  

            www.ExpressiveConducting.com .


Willetts, Sandra.   Upbeat Downbeat:  Basic Conducting Patterns and Techniques.

            Nashville:  Abingdon Press, 1993.


Wood, Henry.  About Conducting.  London, 1945; St. Clair Shores, Mich.: Scholarly

            Press, 1972.